“There are legitimate uses of opioids in the treatment of physical pain. There is no legitimate use in the treatment of emotional pain,” writes John Lavitt in The Fix. He is introducing his interview with Dr. Gabor Maté, author of In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts.

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Dr. Gabor Maté

Maté’s premise is that all addiction harkens back to childhood trauma. In this interview with John Lavitt. Maté says, “The impact of childhood adversity is to give a person a distorted and negative view of the world and of themselves. By nature, we are born into the world expecting to be nurtured and loved and supported, understood and seen and heard because that’s how human beings evolved. In fact, that’s how any mammal evolved.” John Lavitt’s entire interview: Dr. Gabor Maté on the Trauma Underlying the Stigma of Addiction